World trends in the development of distance learning: system-forming factors of the system of distance learning in higher military schools

Keywords: distance learning, distance education, higher military educational institution, military educational subdivision of the institution of higher education, introduction of technologies of distance learning.

Abstract

Introduction. In recent years in Ukraine, the issue of distance learning is in the process of constant scientific discussion and is a new form of education, including military national education in Ukraine.

Purpose of the article is to analyze the factors that significantly affect the effectiveness of the distance learning system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, as well as to understand the global trends in the development of distance learning systems as an element of e-learning.

Methods. Analysis, comparison and systematization of scientific sources.

Results: an analysis of issues related to global trends in the development of distance learning systems as an element of e-learning; factors that significantly affect the effectiveness of the distance learning system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are considered; the essence of distance learning in higher military educational institution, military educational subdivision of the institution of higher education, as a special form of purposeful process of mastering knowledge, skills and abilities by military specialists is revealed. The study identifies the main feature of distance learning higher military educational institution, military educational subdivision of the institution of higher education: (extraterritoriality - non-compulsory stay of students (cadets) in a military school; no objection to the participation of research and teaching staff in the educational process).

Conclusions. The introduction of distance learning technologies in the training system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is designed to ensure the emergence of new opportunities to update the content of teaching and methods of teaching disciplines and dissemination of knowledge, expanding access to educational resources. Therefore, this necessitates further research on the development of distance learning and its implementation, in particular, in the national system of military education.

Author Biographies

M. F. Poltorak, National University of Defense of Ukraine named after Ivan Chernyakhovsky

Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher of the Department of Scientific and Scientific and Technical Activities of the Research Department of the Problems of the Development of Military Education and Science of the Center for Military-Strategic Research

M. V. Orda, National University of Defense of Ukraine named after Ivan Chernyakhovsky

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Head of the Department of Scientific and Scientific and Technical Activities of the Research Department of the Problems of the Development of Military Education and Science of the Center for Military-Strategic Research

N. D. Kozak, Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

Colonel of Medical Service, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Faculty of Retraining and Advanced Training of the Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

L. A. Levitska, National University of Defense of Ukraine named after Ivan Chernyakhovsky

Researcher of the Department of Problems of Scientific and Scientific and Technical Activities of the Research Department of Problems of Development of Military Education and Science of the Center for Military-Strategic Research

O. V. Bielozorova, Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

Lieutenant Colonel of the Medical Service, Candidate of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Head of the Scientific and Organizational Department of the Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

References

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Lienkov, S.V., & Shvorov S.A. (2014). Construction and use of distance learning systems with elements of artificial intelligence: Monograph. Odesa, Vyd-vo VMV. [in Ukrainian].

Boriak, K.F., & Shvorov, S.A. (2011). Automated learning systems with elements of artificial intelligence for the study of technical disciplines: Monograph. K.: Vyd-vo heohrafichnoi literatury “Obrii”. (in Ukrainian).

Lukin, V.Ie. (2008). Means of distance learning in military-technical training of cadets (students): Navchalnyi posibnyk. K.: PP „Hrafika i Dyzain”. [in Ukrainian].

Distance learning (experience of conducting a pedagogical experiment at Poltava University of Economics and Trade) (2018). K.: PUET. [in Ukrainian].

Riabtsev, V.V. (2009). Model of distance learning at the National University of Defense of Ukraine. Suchasni informatsiini tekhnolohii u sferi bezpeky ta oborony. (№ 1 (4). 35–41). [in Ukrainian].

Published
2021-04-19
How to Cite
Poltorak, M. F., Orda, M. V., Kozak, N. D., Levitska, L. A., & Bielozorova, O. V. (2021). World trends in the development of distance learning: system-forming factors of the system of distance learning in higher military schools. Ukrainian Journal of Military Medicine, 2(1), 19-27. https://doi.org/10.46847/ujmm.2021.1(2)-019