The review of modern aspects of cardiovascular diseases prevention among military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Keywords: prophylaxis, cardiovascular diseases, military personnel

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to analyze and summarize the data from literary sources on the state of the prevention of cardiovascular diseases among the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine at the present stage.

Materials and methods. The analytical base of data is formed from 80 scientific projects, including normative legal documents and statistically significant materials (4 of them are English ones). The review of the literature is based on the results of the system approach and system analysis, bibliosemantic method.

Results. A review of the literature showed positive trends in the system of prevention of cardiovascular diseases among the servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, namely: developed and implemented the functional and organizational model the cardiovascular disease prevention among the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine at the level of primary medical care; developed educational and methodological support for improving the training for the military general practitioners-family medicine and the junior specialists with medical education for the cardiovascular disease prevention; methodological support for raising the awareness among the servicemen for the healthy lifestyle issues has been introduced; established on the basis of the Outpatient Clinic Department of the National Military Medical Clinical Center "GVKG" "School of Health for patients with hypertension and comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders"; the effectiveness of the integrated approach to the treatment and rehabilitation among military personnel who had participated in the antiterrorist operation with arterial hypertension and comorbid pathology, introduced in the day care center of Outpatient clinic department at the National Military Medical Clinical Center "The Main Military Clinical Hospital", has been proved. However, there are a number of issues that need to be addressed: it is necessary to create a local clinical protocol for the cardiovascular disease prevention among the military; identification of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases for conscripts at the level of military commissariats is not regulated; the role and place of civilian health care and educational institutions, public and volunteer organizations in the implementation for the cardiovascular diseases prevention in the period before conscription into the Armed Forces of Ukraine has not been determined.

Conclusions. The generalization of modern scientific data showed that the existing system for the prevention of cardio-vascular diseases among the military personnel requires improvements in accordance with NATO standards, where the most important place is taken by preventive measures.

Author Biographies

T. V. Kuts, Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

LTC, MS, PHD, Associate Professor, Deputy Head  of department of Military General Practice and Family Medicine

G. Z. Moroz, Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

MD,  professor, Professor of the department of Military General Practice and Family Medicine

І. М. Tkachuk, Ukrainian Military Medical Academy

MD, Associate Professor of the department of Military General Practice and Family Medicine

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Published
2021-04-19
How to Cite
Kuts, T. V., Moroz, G. Z., & TkachukІ. М. (2021). The review of modern aspects of cardiovascular diseases prevention among military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Military Medicine, 2(1), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.46847/ujmm.2021.1(2)-061
Section
Military preventive medicine