COMPARING OF THE SYSTEM OF AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION IN NATO COUNTRIES AND UKRAINE
There is comparing of the two systems of aeromedical evacuation of patients in the article: the United States Air Force aeromedical evacuation system and Ukrainian military aeromedical evacuation. Aeromedical evacuation of military personnel in the United States of America, dates back to World War II and has developed extensively in all other armed conflicts and wars involving military personnel in this country, because all military operations have taken place outside the continental United States. Transportation of the injured and sick patients was mainly by air. The US Air Force’s aeromedical evacuation system has completely and almost invariably formed the basis of NATO’s aeromedical evacuation. Currently, the system of aeromedical evacuation of patients in the United States is a multi-level and well-regulated process. In contrast, Ukrainian aeromedical evacuation of the patients by airplanes and helicopters, is done by special crews, which in official documents are called “doctor - nursing crews”, or “resuscitation crews”, and usually consists of a doctor anesthesiologist and nurse. The composition and operation of these teams doesn’t rule by any sectoral government documents or standard of operational procedures. Goal. The aim of this research is to provide a comparison of different types of aeromedical teams of the United States Air Force, to consider necessity of the need to create Ukrainian standards of operational procedures and sectoral government documents. Aeromedical evacuation is one of the key evacuation methods that provides mobility and quality medical assistance during transportation. At the same time, this evacuation method requires continuous improvement, which must be carried out in accordance with the standards of aeromedical evacuation of NATO countries.
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